Volume 2 Issue 1


Long-Term Follow up of Peripheral Arterial Intervention

Ahmed Hammad1 , Ahmed M Abdel Modaber1* and Vusal Aliyev2

The major cause of lower extremity Peripheral vascular disease is atherosclerosis. Risk factors for atherosclerosis such as cigarette smoking, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyper-homocysteinemia increase the likelihood of developing lower extremity Peripheral vascular disease. Lower extremity Peripheral PDF


Native Versus Synthetic A-V Fistula for Hemodialysis Access in Obese Patients

Ahmed Hammad1 , Ahmed M. Abdel Modaber1* and Vusal Aliyev

The success of chronic hemodialysis in obese patients with end – stage renal failure depends upon the presence of functional arteriovenous fistula to facilitate venipuncture and get adequate blood flow. PDF


Evaluation of Transanal Endorectal Pull-Through Results

Ahmed Hammad1 , Ahmed M Abdel Modaber1* and Vusal Aliyev2

Harold Hirschsprung, a Danish pediatrician, is credited with the first definitive description of the disease that bears his name. Over the next 30 years, poorly understood procedures that were intended to reduce sympathetic hyperactivity of the colon were reported to be, at least temporarily, successful in treating HD. PDF


An Update on Bariatric Surgery with Long Term Efficacy and Its Utilization for Medical Therapy Development from the Different Mechanism of Action and Other Short Comes to Be Outcome

Kulvinder Kochar Kaur1*, Gautam Allahbadia2 and Mandeep Singh3

Obesity is increasing markedly and according to WHO there are 2.3 billion overweight people globally ,of which 700 million people are obese [1]. There is need for long term effective treatment. In our previous work on obesity we have tried to cover the various aspects of aetiopathogenesis of obesity ,medical treatment and further updates on medical therapy and how long term treatment with medical treatmentPDF

Letter to the editor

Will the Study of Epigenetics Revolutionize Geriatric Surgery?

Celia M. Ross*

Increased life expectancy has brought a heightened demand for healthcare solutions targeted towards the needs of the elderly [1,2]. One of these needs is for treatments to improve outcomes in wound healing. Significant challenges in surgery, especially geriatric surgery, often involve wounds that do not heal properly [2,3]. Comorbidities, lifestyle and environmental PDF