BAOJ Paediatrics

Bioaccent Online Publishing

Published Articles

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): Experience in the National Institute of Pediatrics

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by neurological disorders such as headache, nausea, vomiting, visual disturbances, altered consciousness, paresthesia or seizures. The diagnosis is clinical and radiological because a predominantly symmetric vasogenic edema ...

Characterization of Cardiac Disease in Children (Aged 2 Month to 16 Years) with Congestive Heart Failure in Harare, Zimbabwe: A Cross-Sectional Study

The pattern of congestive heart failure varies throughout the world especially between industrialized and developing nations. In children, the burden of congestive heart failure, a significant cause of morbidity and mortality is underestimated in resource limited communities due to lack of documentation. ...

A Rare Case of Tricuspid Valve Endocarditis in an Adolescent Boy with History of Drug Use

Since endocarditis was first described, both the spectrum of causative organisms and the patients affected have changed [1]. According to literature, right-sided infective endocarditis (IE) constitutes 5% to 10% of all cases of endocarditis [2]. It occurs predominantly in intravenous drug abusers ...

How Children Elaborate the Loss

Death is one of the most striking events in a childĀ“s life. Interrupting contact with our significant others, no matter the cause were, will no doubt infringe suffering and immense grief. It could be a trip, a separation, moving home or school, an illness or death indeed. ...

Prematurity Osteopeny or Metabolic Bone Disease

Prematurity osteopeny is a reduction in osteoid deposition and/ or a defect in bone mineralization that usually appears at 3 to 12 weeks of age in preterm babies, as frequent as lower gestational age ...

Apple-Dependent Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis: Three Cases in Children and Literature Review

Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis occurs with exercise, preceded in a few hours by food intake, being both independently tolerated. Apple-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis is very rare and we present a series of 3 cases. They occurred in five, 13 and 15 year-old males. All of them had allergic rhinitis. ...

Anal Pathology in Infant: Perianal Abscess

A 1-month-old infant who consults for the appearance of non-painful redness, margin anal 1 centimeter left, with central violaceous area, without suppuration, nor fever, 5 days of evolution (figure 1). Normal rectal tone. No history of interest. Breastfeeding exclusive with good weight gain. Meconiorrexisat 12 hours and bowel movements past daily pasty. ...

Acquired microcephaly in a child with absent speech: what are the first line exams?

Microcephaly is defined as reduce of the head circumference less than 2 SDS for age, sex and gestation. Most situations are congenital, but in some cases the head circumference reduces some months after birth. When acquired microcephaly is associated ...

Chronic Upper Airway Obstruction as a Main Cause of Pulmonary Hypertension

The obstruction of the superior airways in the childhood turns from several causes, among them the commonest is the adenotonsillar hypertrophy [1,2]. This chronic obstruction frequently is associated by syndrome of the apnea of the sleep and, in the most serious ...

The Life-Threatening Case of Rhabdomyolysis Caused by A LIPIN1 Deficiency

Rhabdomyolysis is a serious condition caused by damage to the skeletal muscle [1,2], which release a large volume of toxic intracellular contents into the bloodstream. Rhabdomyolysis has many etiologies in children, sometimes leads to life-threatening crises. ...

The Child Spine

The spine of a child is the neural peripheral of impulse transfer of stimuli for motor response from the brain. If A child is playing around in merry go round you see everything of nerves, energy and charges of waves of kinectic Force from their DNA.Probably the baby moves ...

Hypernatraemic Dehydration in Children with Acute Diarrhoea: It's Clinical Profile and Renal Involvement

Diarrhea is a leading cause of illness & death among children in developing countries. Hypernatraemia is a serious complication in acute diarrhea, when associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) resulting increased mortality. ...

Biochemical changes in Asphyxiated Neonate presented with Convulsion

Birth asphyxia is the commonest cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality and neurologic disabilities among survivors1. Biochemical disturbances occur in blood frequently in perinatal asphyxia. In presence of such disturbances it is difficult to control seizure and there is risk of further brain damage early recognition ...

Ayurvedic Medicines Can Have Side Effects on the Unborn Baby if Taken in Pregnancy

Ayurvedic Medicines ("Ayurveda" for short) have played a significant role in Indian health care for centuries. Ayurveda is one of the world's oldest holistic ("whole-body") healing systems - developed more than 3,000 years ago in India. With the advent of allopathic medicine ...

Smart Nutrients and Tender Loving Care (TLC) for Brain Growth

Brain development of a child is dependent on several factors like genetic factors, nutrition, tender loving care (TLC), environmental factors and protection from brain insults like asphyxia, hypoxia, trauma, infections and so on. Out of all these external factors, nutrition ...

Malaria Vaccine-Current Concept

Malaria is one of the major killing diseases in various parts of world. As a part of development of many ways to control and eradicate this deadly disease one of the novel approach is development of an effective malaria vaccine like there has been vaccines for other infectious diseases. Many vaccines have shown promising results ...

Iron Deficiency a Public Health Problem in India

Nutrition Foundation 0f India studies in 7 states(Assam, HP, Hy, Kerala, MP, Orissa, TN )by Agarwal et al; IJMR.2006 & 2007, showed that anemia prevalence in Pregnancy was 86.1% with Hb 7.0g/dl- severe anemia being 9.5%; while in Lactation 81.7 % had anemia with Hb 7.0g/dl in - 7.3%. In maternal anemia (hypoferremia) fetal liver iron stores ...