BAOJ Paediatrics

Bioaccent Online Publishing

Published Articles

Analysis of the cell population in 8-month-old mature human milk: Modulation of the presence of Vγ2Vδ2 T cells: A case study

Background: Most of the studies aimed at analyzing the presence of immune cell populations in breast milk focusing mainly on colostrum and transitional milk, ...

Mobilizing stem cells in children with cancer: When G-CSF is not enough. The role of plerixafor

The incidence of mobilization failure in children is 10-30%, mainly explained by poor bone marrow function due to treatment toxicity or the underlying disease itself. For tandem-auto stem cell transplant a greater number of hematopoietic ...

A Compound Heterozygous for Novel Mutations in tyrosine Hydroxylasegene with Hypo kinetic-Rigid Syndrome with Dystonia

Back Ground: Tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency (THD) is the rare cause of recessive dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) in analogy to dominantly inherited guanosine tri phosphate cyclohydrolase 1(GCH 1) deficiency. It always has good response to L-dopa, but it is easily misdiagnosed or missed diagnosed because ...

A 6 month old female patient with primary hyperparathyroidism

A 6 month old female patient was referred to Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism Pediatric Unit (DEMPU) in the Children's hospital, Cairo University because of high grade fever, dehydration, recurrent chest infection, purpuric rash over the abdomen, and failure to thrive from the first day of her life. The patient has history of multiple hospital admissions. Investigations ...

Deafness secondary to genetic syndromes: A review

Deafness may be classified in: conductive, sensor neural, mixed, and central type. The degree of severity is divided in: low, moderate, severe and profound. Among other causes, genetic syndromes are responsible for hearing loss in an important number of cases. ...

An Infant with Congenital Sternal Cleft and Ventricular Septal Defect

Congenital midline sternal cleft is a rare anomaly, and can be recognized at birth due to the typical appearance as a sternal depression covered with atrophic skin with a median abdominal raphe extending down to the umbilicus. Such infants should also be examined for lesions in the brain, heart, and eyes as sternal clefts are usually described as part of PHACE Syndrome ...

Galactosaemia – The Cause of Gram Negative Neonatal Sepsis

Galactosaemia is caused by deficiency of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT). Gram negative sepsis, liver failure and death are common if untreated. Early diagnosis especially in babies with Gram negative sepsis - can prevent both morbidity and mortality. ...

Unexpected Hypothermia Following Ibuprofen

A 3-year-old girl was diagnosed to have hypothermia with rectal temperature at 34oC. Following the warm blanket and towels for half hour; the girl's temperature was soon gradually raised to normal ear temperature of 36 oC. The girl showed no sign of sepsis or severe infection that led to hypothermia. All analyses were normal. Six hours before, she took oral ibuprofen ...

Fatal Drowning of Infant in Bathtub

A 4-month-old boy was brought into the Emergency Room, found unresponsive by parents after being submerged in the bathtub of a hotel room. He was bathing with his parents who had fallen asleep for "few minutes" when the incident occurred. The infant succumbed regardless of prolonged resuscitation. ...

A Neonate with Severe Anemia

We presented a case of male neonate, term baby 39+5 weeks of gestation with birth weight 2970g and Apgar scores were 2, 5 and 6 at 1, 5 and 10 minute respectively. His early day of life was complicated with severe anemia, perinatal asphyxia and multiple organ failure. Follow C-section delivery, he presented with hypovolemic shock, congestive heart failure ...

Metformin Therapy in Obese Insulin-Resistant Adolescents: A 6-Month Trial

Childhood obesity has increased significantly in recent decades and is currently considered a public health problem. Obesity affects children and adolescents, increasing insulin resistance and risk for type 2 diabetes. Current treatments have low effectiveness in weight loss. ...

Pneumococcal Infections Pre and Post Vaccine Era in the Extreme Age in Macau

To analyze the effect to the inpatient with pneumococcal infection, especially extreme young and old (mainly age <10 and age >65), after introduced the pneumococcal vaccine since September 2009 in Macau. ...

Hypomelanosis of Ito: a cutaneous disease with multisystem involvement

Disorders of hypopigmentation are frequent in a paediatric consultation. Selected diseases have signature skin findings which can identify a multysistemic disorder. ...

Knowledge about the Dental Care in Children in the Community

To determine the level of knowledge of parents, both health care professionals and non-health care professionals, about the dental care of children. ...

DRESS Syndrome Secondary to Amoxicillin and Clavulanic Acid - A Pediatric Case Report

This scientific article aims to describe the case of a 31-month-old child with DRESS syndrome. Given the rarity of this disease in the pediatric population, almost always associated with significant morbidity and mortality, we intend to draw attention to the early recognition and treatment of DRESS, which ...

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): Experience in the National Institute of Pediatrics

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by neurological disorders such as headache, nausea, vomiting, visual disturbances, altered consciousness, paresthesia or seizures. The diagnosis is clinical and radiological because a predominantly symmetric vasogenic edema ...