BAOJ HIV

Bioaccent Online Publishing

Published Articles

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Opportunistic Intestinal Parasites among HIV Positive and Negative Individuals in South Ethiopia: A Case Control Study

Introduction: Cryptosporidium, Isospora and Cyclospora are the most known opportunistic intestinal infections that frequently causes diarrhea in patients with AIDS. ...

Nevirapine-induced Hepatotoxicity in HIV Patients Attending Care and Treatment Clinics in Tanzania

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected patients using nevirapine-containing antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in comparison with those using efavirenz-based ARVs. ...

Higher CD4 Count Poses HIV Positive Patients to Greater Risk of Articular Manifestations - a Vision from Eastern India

HIV infection affects all systems and the musculoskeletal system is no exception. Till date no study has shown any association between articular manifestations and CD4 count. Our aim was to explore distributions and contributing factors of HIV related articular manifestations along with CD4+T cell count in ART naïve patients. ...

Nevirapine-induced Hepatotoxicity in HIV Patients Attending Care and Treatment Clinics in Tanzania

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected patients using nevirapine-containing antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in comparison with those using efavirenz-based ARVs. ...

Retropharyngeal Abscess in HIV-Infected Patient

Retropharyngeal abscesses are rare in adults. Retropharyngeal abscesses are usually Pyogenic. They occur mostly in immune compromised patients or as a foreign body complication. Retropharyngeal abscesses can pose an immediate life-threatening emergency, with potential ...

Parameters Determining the Final Aids Phase are Dictated by the Dynamics of Early Evolution and Establishment of Specifically Latent Hiv-1 Infection

Dynamics of final resolution of an HIV-1 infection within the individual patient and within whole susceptible populations to such infection render unattainable the eradication of persistent multiple foci of latent infection by the HIV-1 within such organs as draining lymph nodes and the gut-associated lymphoid tissues. ...

Combating HIV with bNABs

Since the discovery of the HIV as the causative agent for AIDS, many attempts have been directed towards a vaccine or prophylactic measure. Our immune system has evolved to attack foreign molecules, but viruses like HIV have found ways to hide their unique parts and masquerade as human molecules. ...

Diagnosis of Intestinal Tuberculosis by Tissue Xpert MTB/Rif in an HIV-1 Infected Patient

HIV infection has changed the epidemiology of tuberculosis and is now considered the main risk factor for extra-pulmonary involvement. In recent years, molecular techniques have emerged as promising diagnostic tools. Only Xpert MTB/Rif assay has been advocated by the WHO for diagnosis of extra-pulmonary TB. ...

Occupational Asthma in Non Previously Patient Diagnosed HIV-Infection

Respiratory symptoms are varying in HIV-infected patients and among them; airway hyperactivity from bronchial asthma is relatively frequent. We present a case of a severe bronchial asthma attack caused by occupational asthma, in a patient that was not previously identified as HIV-positive. ...

Knowledge and Attitude of Married Men towards Vasectomy in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia

Male sterilization through vasectomy is far less expensive, less invasive, safer and more effective than female sterilization through tubal ligation. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and attitude of married men towards vasectomy and associated factors in Gondar City Administration, northwest Ethiopia. ...

From AIDS Victim to Advocacy Champion

In 1996 in Zimbabwe and most parts of the world, an HIV diagnosis meant certain death. This was at a time when the Ministry of Health and other partners where running public service campaigns that showed images of sickly people, almost skeletal to advocate for change from risky sexual behaviours. ...

Why Lesotho Should Speed up and Invest in sustainable Women's Prevention, as Part of HIV Combination Prevention Strategy

Women are still Vulnerable to Men and in Need of Tools to Protect Themselves from HIV. The Good News is there are New Prevention Methods, Initiated and Controlled by Women, on their Way. We Need Advocacy to Speed up their Arrival. ...

Gender Power Inequalities in the Context of HIV/AIDS among South African Indians in an Urban Setting in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

A lot of studies on gender power dynamics in relation to HIV in South Africa focus on the high risk African Black population, and little attention has been given to the minority groups. Similar to other communities in the country ...

Biological Characteristics as a Determining Factor in Evaluating the Efficacy of DOTS in MDR Tb Treatment

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MTB) drug resistance (DR) is a manmade amplification of selective pressures of genetic mutants that result from spontaneous chromosomal mutations due to poor treatment methods, despite the WHO guidelines and enforcement. MDR TB rates are higher than ever (up to 22.3% in some countries) and extensively DR, (XDR) TB has been reported ...

CD1e Genotype Pilot Study of Cytokine Production and T-Cell Proliferation: A Novel Relationship Between in Vitro Immune Function and CD1e Polymorphism in Brazilians

The MHC class I-like CD1a-e molecules have a processing and presentation role for lipid and glycolipid antigens of self and micro-organisms such as mycobacteria. In this pilot study, CD1e polymorphisms were determined by sequencing exons 2 and 3, for eight Brazilians ...

Internal Trafficking in Persons in Tanzania: Qualitative Evidence from the Tanzania-Uganda Borderlands, Kagera Region

Trafficking in persons (TIP) is recognized a global problem. Victims of TIP are mainly young males and females earmarked for working in plantations, construction and mining industry, domestic labor and sex works. In Tanzania, due to social imbalances, ...