International Journal of Environment & Agricultural Science

Bioaccent Online Publishing

Published Articles

Impact of Synthetic Based Fluids and Base oil on Earthworm Toxicity

Recently Synthetic Based Fluids (SBFs) have replaced traditional Oil Based Fluids (OBFs) which have similar characteristics to those of OBFs and are environmental friendly. During drilling activities, they could be spilled into the soil, affecting its quality. Earthworms are bio-indicators that also influence the quality of the soil. Thus any adverse effect on earthworms indirectly ...

Lantana Camara Leaf Litter Mulching Improves Availability of Soil Nutrients And Yield of Rainfed Rice in Himalayan Mountains

In the Central Himalayan mountains in India, rainfed agriculture is the mainstay of local people. The rainfed crop fields are poor in soil fertility and crop yield, and require sustainable soil fertility management practices. Conventionally, huge amount of farm yard manure (FYM; consisting of nutrient poor leaf litter of the surrounding Oak and Pine forests) is applied in these crop fields to restore soil fertility. An experiment ...

Polyphenols, Tannins and Phytate Contents in Some Egyptian Legumes as Affected by Soaking and Germination Processes

Nutritional value of pulses is a widely accepted but the presence of anti nutritional factors in its composition imposes a restriction in its consumption. Soaking and germination process on the removal or reducing of (total phenolic, tannins and phytic acid) of commonly consumed legumes in Egypt were studied. ...

Modification of Polystyrene Via Pectin Graft-Copolymerization to Induce Biodegradability in Polymer Composites : Biodegradation and Metal Ion Sorption Studies

Modification of waste plastics with natural polymers offers an attractive route to induce biodegradability therein. The present paper discusses the optimum conditions for the grafting of pectin onto polystyrene. These graft copolymers were characterized with microscopic photographs, FTIR and biodegradability test carried out through soil burial and pure culture ...

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Practitioner Tool for Support Site-Specific Risk Management Planning: A Source Water Protection Implementation Case Study

Source water protection is the first of a five-part multi-barrier approach for protecting municipal drinking water supplies. Source Protection Planning is an approach to source water protection being implemented in Ontario under the authority of the Clean Water Act, 2006. Central to this approach is the development of site-specific Risk Management Plans (RMPs) between regulators and landowners. A critical problem associated ...

Monitoring of Land Reclamation Development in Newly Reclaimed Area in El-Mania Governorate, Egypt

Agricultural expansion is one of the main strategies for reducing the food gab in developing countries. In Egypt, land reclamation projects have been started for over 50 years and have a significant contribution to food production. Some of the newly reclaimed areas progressed well, while others faced some problems that decreased the production. Recently, a new project for land reclamation have been initiated to make an expansion towards the desert areas along the old agricultural land. ...

Seawater Desalination - Removal of Boron Rests From Desalinated Seawater:Boron Adsorption by Composite Magnetic Particles

The northern part gets an average of about 600 mm of rain annually, this can produce mineral water wells and drinking waters to a population of about 3-4 million humans. One of the major sweet water sources relies on Mt. ...

Synthetic Chemical Application in Aquaculture Production

The expansion of commercial aquaculture in meeting the demand placed upon its products by the increasing world population has necessitated the intensification in its production activities. Predominantly, the use of synthetic chemicals (compounds) in the prevention and treatment of disease outbreaks owing to pathogens, and in other operations to boost production. This in no doubt has compromised ...

Experimental Evaluation of Apple Drying Process In A Fluidized Bed Dryer

The drying rate of apple cubes was determined to utilize the shallow fluidized bed dryer. The drying process was performed at different drying temperatures and an air velocity of 3.1 m/s. The mass of apple cubes was measured every 5 minutes along with the wet and dry bulb temperatures and the dimension of apple cube sample. This procedure was continued until a steady state was reached. This study made available ...

Neighborhood Shadow Analysis of Proposed High Rise in Mumbai, India: A Case Study

Mumbai is the financial capital of India and it attracts many migrants from various part of India because of its business opportunities. Extensive development has already taken place which contributed little availability of land recourses in the prime location of the city. Therefore, most of the builders are concentrating on vertical development rather than horizontal ones. This has lead to concept of high rise developments. ...

Why is Biodiversity of Cardinal Importance for Public Health?

The reduction of biodiversity during the preceding decennia, which has been observed in a large number of taxa, not only poses a threat to public health. The increased incidence of allergic diseases (at a global scale) following the mechanism of a skewed antigen exposure, although serious enough, is only part of the perceived impaired health. A reduction of biodiversity therefore has to be considered ...

Sustainable Development of Bioenergy from Agriculture Residues and Environment

This communication discusses a comprehensive review of biomass energy sources, environment and sustainable development. This includes all the biomass energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios, energy savings and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce emissions globally. ...

Effect of Gama Irradiation on quality and storage ability of Mentha (Mentha virids L.)

The effects of low-doses γ-irradiation (0.25, 0.75 and 1.25kGy) during cold storage at 4°C and relative humidity(RH) of 98% on discard%. Fresh weight loss, total phenols, total flavonoids, total antioxidant capacity, ascorbic acid, chlorophyll content (Chl a, Chl b), carotenoids s, volatile oil % and its compositions of fresh mint (Mentha virids L inn) were studied. ...

Nasturtium ( Tropaeolum majus ) an Annual Herb has Medicinal Property to Cure Throat Sore and it has Antivirus Property

Nasturtium as a garden flower is well known. This herb is fast-growing in sunny place. Seeds need soil, water, Sun and bio fertilizer in airy place to grow. Germination takes place in moist soil within a week. Growth needs care to put water in afternoon. Leaves are circular with slightly curved margin. The flowers are 2.5 to 6 cm. ...

Chlorosis on Nasturtium ( Tropaeolum majus ) Due to Deficiency of Water and Nutrients

Chlorosis is natural phenomenon observed in Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) after one month growth. This herb is soft and growth rate is high. Due to rapid cell division length of this herb is at least one ft. Yellowish of leaves and fall of leaves due to scarcity of water. Weight of soil is same ,where as weight of the plant is now increased a lot. Pouring of water twice helps to recover from chlorophyll (C55H72MgN4O5) loss. Chlorophyll is electron receiver since morning sunshine. ( Photon ). Compacted roots are another reason for chlorosis. ...

Wastewater Treatment Methodologies, Review Article

The problem of fresh water deficiency is of worldwide impact. The increased population in addition to various human activities has led to a drastic and continuous shortage of freshwater resources. This dilemma led to motivate the scientists to find radical and cheap solutions. One of the solutions proposed to solve this problem is to treat industrial wastewater to be suitable for agriculture by removing toxic pollutants from it. This review sheds ...